Land and Conflict. Lessons from The Field on Conflict Sensitive Land Governance and Peacebuilding

August 2018
UN-Habitat, IIRR & GLTN

Publication shows how addressing land issues can mitigate conflict, facilitate solutions to it, improve the likelihood that people can return to their homes after the violence is over, and contribute to peace overall. Draws on cases in nine countries in the Arab States, Africa and Latin America, with a range of conflict parties: farmers, herders, landlords, villagers, mining companies, host communities, displaced people, gangs, and various levels of government. The cases and analysis describe how various land-related approaches have been used throughout the conflict cycle, from conflict prevention through humanitarian assistance, recovery and development. While each conflict is different, the emphasis is on practical tools and methods that can be adapted to suit the situation. The African countries are: DR Congo (interventions to prevent evictions of subsistence farming communities), Somalia (land tenure agreements to protect internally displaced people in Baidoa from eviction), Sudan (intercommunal reconciliation of land disputes in Darfur), and South Sudan (migration dialogues to prevent conflict between host communities and pastoralists).