Biofuels, land access and rural livelihoods in Mozambique

June 2010
Isilda Nhantumbo and Alda Salomao (IIED)

Contains topic and rationale, research methods, socio-economic context and biofuels initiatives, policy and legal framework for biofuels production, reconciling competing resource uses, community consultations and community-investor partnerships. Concludes that the design and implementation of policy tools is riddled with difficulties. The inability to enforce progressive legislation results in threats to community rights. The effectiveness of community consultations is questionable, as is the claim that biofuels can be commercially grown on marginal land. Need for more thorough scrutiny of investment proposals and for further research and continued monitoring.