Understanding changing land access and use by the rural poor in Ghana

May 2017
IIED (John T. Burgi & Eric Yeboah)

Highlights the key drivers of pressure in Ghana on rural land and their communities, such as population growth, urbanisation and acquisition of land by new actors, including government and business. Draws on case study evidence from two communities: the Ahanta West District near Sekondi-Takoradi in the south, and the Savelugu-Nanton Municipal Authority around Tamale in the north. Shows how, under new circumstances, rural communities are changing how they access and manage land: shifting from customary to more commercial systems; farming smaller plots of land; and renegotiating access to common resources, such as grazing land, so influencing crop choices and livelihoods. An opportunity for government to address some of the challenges and recommendations highlighted in this research.