News

  • 30 November 2017

On Thursday 16 November 2017 members of the WOLTS team hosted a ‘Multi-Stakeholder Workshop on Gender, Mining and Pastoralism in Tanzania’ in Arusha, Tanzania. For the past 18 months Mokoro and HakiMadini have been working together in Tanzania on a long-term practical and action-oriented strategic research project on women’s land tenure security – the WOLTS Project. The team have carried out in-depth and rigorous research in two pastoralist communities affected by mining in Simanjiro and Longido districts (Mundarara and Naisinyai villages), looking at the intersection of gender and land relations in different pastoralist contexts and developing a methodology for continuing community engagement. This has involved multiple site visits and different research methods and techniques to triangulate and validate data.

The WOLTS team presented findings from the research in both study communities at the November workshop, which was chaired by Mr Amani Mhinda, Executive Director of HakiMadini. Participants included community representatives, local- and district-level government officials, as well as representatives from civil society, the private sector and from the Government of Tanzania’s Land Tenure Support Programme. Mokoro and HakiMadini were delighted to have Mr G. F. Daqarro, the District Commissioner of Arusha District, officially open the workshop, with Mr E. Senka, representing the Arusha Zonal Mining Office, giving the closing remarks. The WOLTS team have benefited from a productive collaboration at all levels of government and with a wide range of other local- and national-level stakeholders since the start of the research, and they were very pleased to be able to share initial findings and obtain feedback on possible next steps. The workshop included an introduction presentation on the WOLTS research by Mokoro’s Dr Elizabeth Daley, WOLTS Team Leader, as well as presentations on the findings from both communities by Ms J. Ndakaru, HakiMadini’s Gender Officer, and Mr. E. Kereri, also from HakiMadini. Lively discussions and working group sessions followed and the research was highly appreciated by all.

  • 8 November 2017

Robin Palmer represented Mokoro at the DFID-funded Land Policy Forum, held at IIED on 2 November 2017.

Robin Palmer writes “It was a very good meeting. A certain dynamic has now evolved with a number of the same people coming to many of the meetings, e.g. from ODI, IDS, IIED, Global Justice Now, Human Rights Watch, KPMG, UK Land Registry.

The theme of this 5th meeting was legal empowerment and agribusiness investments. When introducing myself and Mokoro I said that this was an incredibly important theme in A Grim World for Land and Environmental Defenders. Two of the four speakers I knew to be outstanding people in this field – Lorenzo Cotula of IIED (who has been working on legal tools since 2006) and Rachel Knight of Namati. The others were Tom Lomas of Forest Peoples Programme and (by video link) Kaitlin Cordes of CCSL (Columbia Center on Sustainable Development).

The 4 speakers didn’t make presentations but responded to these pre-set questions:

what legal empowerment method are you using?; lessons and insights?; what are the gaps?

Lorenzo stressed that there was no ‘IIED approach’ – you needed different approaches in different contexts. Rachel and Tom noted that you needed to work at different levels. Rachel said that communities were often unaware of the real commercial value of their land. A long-term political economy approach was required, not a 3-year project cycle. You had to engage with the powerful and apply both top-down and bottom up-pressures, create allies and build a movement.

There was strong agreement on the need for more joined up work – and I was delighted to hear that Lorenzo and Rachel had already agreed to do precisely that.”

  • 3 November 2017

On Tuesday 24 October 2017 members of the WOLTS team hosted a Multi-Stakeholder Workshop on Gender, Land and Mining in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. For the last two years Mokoro and People Centered Conservation (PCC) have been working together in Mongolia on a long-term practical and action-oriented strategic research project on women’s land tenure security – the WOLTS Project. The team have carried out in-depth and rigorous research in two pastoralist communities affected by mining (Bornuur and Dalanjargalan soums), looking at the intersection of gender and land relations in different pastoralist contexts and developing a methodology for continuing community engagement. This has involved multiple site visits and different research methods and techniques to triangulate and validate data.

The WOLTS team presented findings from the research in both study communities at the October workshop, which was facilitated by Ms Y. Narangerel, Executive Director of PCC. Participants included community representatives, national and local government officials, civil society organisations, development partners and representatives of the private sector. Mokoro and PCC were delighted to have Mr J. Batsaikhan, Head of Land Management at the Mongolian Agency of Land Affairs, Geodesy and Cartography (ALAGaC), officially open the workshop. The team have enjoyed a productive collaboration with ALAGaC from the start of the research. The workshop opening was followed by an introduction to the WOLTS research by Mokoro’s Dr Elizabeth Daley, WOLTS Team Leader, and presentations on the findings from both communities by Ms Y. Narangerel and Mrs. B. Munkhtuvshin, also from PCC. Lively discussions followed and the research was highly appreciated by all.

  • 18 September 2017

On Friday 1 September Mokoro was pleased to host several members of the WOLTS team, including partners from Mongolia and Tanzania, at our seminar in Oxford to share initial findings from the WOLTS project. WOLTS is Mokoro’s long-term, multi-country and action-oriented strategic research project on Women’s Land Tenure Security, which began almost two years ago. The team have so far focused on the effects of mining on pastoralist communities in Tanzania and Mongolia, and is seeking to help secure land rights for all vulnerable people. You can read more about WOLTS here.

The seminar was chaired by Dr. Elizabeth Daley, Mokoro Principal Consultant and the WOLTS Team Leader, and included presentations on the project’s rigorous research methodology and on some of the initial findings from our work in four communities in Mongolia and Tanzania. We were delighted to welcome as speakers Ms. Narangerel Yansanjav and Ms. Lkhamdulam Natsagdorj from People Centered Conservation in Mongolia, as well as Mr. Amani Mustafa Mhinda and Ms. Joyce Ndakaru from HakiMadini in Tanzania. We were also very pleased to have Mokoro team members Ms. Zoe Driscoll, Mr. Jim Grabham and Ms. Kristina Lanz speaking at the event.

The presentations from our seminar will be published on our WOLTS webpage later this year; the agenda and speaker information has already been posted to our seminar page.

  • 30 July 2017

The 1000th article has been posted on the Mokoro-hosted Land Rights in Africa website. The website was created in January 2000 by Robin Palmer, and was originally housed by Oxfam GB, where Robin worked as a Land Rights Adviser. It is a library of resources on land rights in Africa – with a particular focus on women’s land rights and on the impact of land grabbing in Africa. The portal has been well received by practitioners, researchers and policy makers, and has grown considerably over the years. Since 2012, Mokoro has been hosting and maintaining the site. Robin Palmer has written some thoughts on the Land Rights in Africa website, 2000-2017. Read more here.

  • 18 July 2017

Mokoro have recently completed a global evaluation of the 11th European Development Fund. This is the largest EU development financing instrument and is one of ten ongoing mid-term evaluations of the Commission’s instruments. The EDF targets African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) partner countries governed by the Cotonou Agreement, as well as the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) of the EU member states. Following  a 12-week Open Public Consultation of all ten EFI MTRs in February 2017 the final report was published in June 2017. The report and more details on this assignment can be viewed here.

  • 30 March 2017

Mokoro were pleased to be present at the Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty this year.

Mokoro Principal Consultants were authors of three papers presented at the conference this year. Chris Tanner co-authored ‘Doing (Inclusive) Business in Guinea Bissau: Re-activating the 1998 Land Law‘, alongside Camille Bourguignon from the World Bank, and ‘A Programme for Improving Land Governance Transparency in Ethiopia‘, alongside Tigistu Gebremeskel Abza from the Ministry of Agriculture in Ethiopia. Elizabeth Daley co-authored ‘Pastoral Women’s Land Rights and Land Use Planning in Tanzania: Experiences of the Sustainable Rangeland Management Project‘ with Naseku Kisambu, Fiona Flintan and Sabine Pallas.

Mokoro also presented a poster ‘Action-Oriented Strategic Research for Improving Responsibility and Gender-Equitability of Land Tenure Governance’, which featured the ongoing experience of Mokoro’s long-term practical action-oriented strategic research project on Women’s Land Tenure Security (WOLTS). The poster highlighted the importance of using a medium-to longer-term lens to assess real change in gendered social relations at community level with respect to land. It also emphasised capacity development with local civil society partners, governments and communities to empower them to support and monitor changes in local land governance, land tenure arrangements and social norms over time.

Please follow the links to read the papers presented. To find out more about WOLTS you can sign-up for the WOLTS mailing list by emailing zdriscoll@mokoro.co.uk.

  • 14 March 2017

On Friday 10 March Mokoro held a very well attended seminar ‘Land advocacy in Africa: past, present and future’. The seminar brought together speakers who have engaged on land advocacy in Africa in recent years and looked at what lessons have been learned and at how best to respond to the current threats to Africa of the global land grab. Martin Adams (Mokoro) presented on ‘‘Land reform in Southern Africa: What has changed?’.  Martin reflected on an important part of his vast experience of working on land, in this instance of working within the ministries of both governments committed to pro-poor land reform and of governments which were not. Chris Tanner (Mokoro) spoke about ‘Struggling to implement a progressive 1997 land law in Mozambique’. He reflected on his 11 years of work with FAO in Mozambique on legal empowerment and access to justice, including paralegal courses, seminars for local government officials, gender issues etc. William Beinart (African Studies Centre, University of Oxford) talked about his recent experiences acting as an expert witness in land restitution cases in South Africa. William’s presentation dealt with the complexities of restitution, the lack of clarity in the legal status of land rights for those who live in the former homelands of South Africa and some recent ideas about how those rights can be made more secure. Finally, Rachel Ibreck (Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Goldsmiths, University of London) presented ‘Reflections on the significance of customary authority and local patronage politics for land grab advocacy in Africa.’

  • 8 March 2017

To celebrate International Women’s Day, Mokoro is pleased to share news of the successful completion of fieldwork in the fourth of six phases of our WOLTS pilot study in both Mongolia and Tanzania. The WOLTS team is well underway with preparing two major reports of our findings, to be launched, respectively, in May and June this year. In the meantime, do come and visit our poster presentation at the World Bank’s Land and Poverty Conference in Washington on Wednesday 22 March to learn more about our work. Please also sign up to keep in touch via our website. Happy International Women’s Day to you all!

  • 24 February 2017

The final report of the WFP Sri Lanka Country Portfolio Evaluation (CPE) 2011-2015, led by Mokoro, has been published. The Mokoro team was led by Stephen Lister.

The country portfolio evaluation for Sri Lanka covered all WFP operations from 2011 to 2015. It assessed WFP’s alignment and strategic positioning, the factors and quality of its strategic decision-making, and the performance and the results of the portfolio activities as a whole.

The evaluation makes six recommendations, most of which need to be implemented in collaboration with the Government and/or other international agencies. These include: i) working with the Government to identify “upstream” areas where WFP can add the most value in the future, while agreeing a phased hand-over to the Government of direct service delivery, notably school feeding; ii) encouraging all United Nations agencies to coordinate and streamline their activities in line with Sri Lanka’s new circumstances; iii) working with government and other agencies to develop an adequately resourced plan for completing the resettlement of displaced persons; iv) continuing to offer specialist support to multi sector nutrition approaches; v) hand-over of the school meals programme and vi) strengthening the cost analysis linked to modality choice and assigning higher priority to assessing the performance of cash-based transfers.

The final report and management response can be found on the WFP website. Read more about the project and the Mokoro team.